He struggled with alcohol throughout his life. He swore off alcohol for most of the next decade, only to fall off the wagon during the Civil War. For his part, Abraham Lincoln appeared unperturbed by the gossip.
As a politician the president was passive, exhibiting none of the brilliance he had shown on the battlefield. Detesting the work around the family tannery, Ulysses instead performed his share of chores on farmland owned by his father and developed considerable skill in handling horses.
Although he had no interest in military life, Ulysses accepted the appointment, realizing that the alternative was no further education. Grant decided to reverse his given names and enroll at the academy as Ulysses Hiram probably to avoid having the acronym HUG embroidered on his clothing ; however, his congressional appointment was erroneously made in the name Ulysses S.
Grant, the name he eventually accepted, maintaining that the middle initial stood for nothing.
He came to be known as U. Grant—Uncle Sam Grant—and his classmates called him Sam. Standing only a little over five feet tall when he entered the academy, he grew more than six inches in the next four years.
Most observers thought his slouching gait and sloppiness in dress did not conform with usual soldierly bearing. Grant ranked 21st in a class of 39 when he graduated from West Point inbut he had distinguished himself in horsemanship and showed such considerable ability in mathematics that he imagined himself as a teacher of the subject at the academy.
Bored by the military curriculum, he took great interest in the required art courses and spent much leisure time reading classic novels. Upon graduation Grant was assigned as a brevet second lieutenant to the 4th U. Infantry, stationed near St. They became secretly engaged before Grant left to serve in the Mexican-American War —48 and married upon his return.
He was then transferred to Gen. Although his service in these posts gave him an invaluable knowledge of army supply, it did nothing to satiate his hunger for action. Grant subsequently distinguished himself in battle in Septemberearning brevet commissions as first lieutenant and captain, though his permanent rank was first lieutenant.
Despite his heroism, Grant wrote years later: I thought so at the time…only I had not moral courage enough to resign. Assigned to Fort Vancouver, Oregon Territory later Washington statehe attempted to supplement his army pay with ultimately unsuccessful business ventures and was unable to reunite his family.
A promotion to captain in August brought an assignment to Fort Humboldt, California, a dreary post with an unpleasant commanding officer. On April 11,Grant resigned from the army. This farming venture was a failure, as was a real estate partnership in St. The next year Grant joined the leather goods business owned by his father and operated by his brothers in GalenaIllinois.
The Civil War At the outbreak of the Civil War in AprilGrant helped recruit, equip, and drill troops in Galena, then accompanied them to the state capital, Springfieldwhere Gov. Yates appointed him colonel of an unruly regiment later named the 21st Illinois Volunteers in June Before he had even engaged the enemy, Grant was appointed brigadier general through the influence of Elihu B.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. In Januarydissatisfied with the use of his force for defensive and diversionary purposes, Grant received permission from Gen.
Henry Wager Halleck to begin an offensive campaign.The early life and career of Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, – July 23, ) tells the story of the future general's ancestry, birth, and early career in and out of the United States army from to Grant was born in Ohio in INTRODUCTION.
THISolumev was undertaken at the solicitation of the publishers, who wished a life of General Grant for the people. As an apology for errors and inadvertencies.
Ulysses S. Grant American General and 18th President of the United States of America, Ulysses S. Grant, was a master war strategist who won the first major Union victories during the Civil War; however, political leadership proved to be far different from military leadership for Grant. Watch video · President Ulysses S.
Grant was born Hiram Ulysses Grant on April, 27, , in Point Pleasant, Ohio, near the mouth of the Big Indian Creek at . INTRODUCTION.
THISolumev was undertaken at the solicitation of the publishers, who wished a life of General Grant for the people. As . The “S” in Grant’s name didn’t stand for anything. Although he was always known as “Ulysses” during his youth in Ohio, Grant’s given name was actually Hiram Ulysses Grant.
His phantom middle initial is the result of an error from Ohio Congressman Thomas Hamer, who accidentally wrote the future general’s name as “Ulysses S. Grant” when .