Summary[ edit ] According to Keeley's book, modern western societies are not more violent or war-prone than historical tribes. The chart is based on War before Civilization. Keeley conducts an investigation of the archaeological evidence for prehistoric violence, including murder and massacre as well as war.
Huntington "The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order" by Samuel Huntington sets forth a hypothesis regarding the nature of global politics in the post Cold-War era.
According to Huntington, wars in the 21st century will not be thought between countries nationalism not between ideologies such as Liberalism, Marxism, Fascism etc. In the "The Clash of Civilizations" Huntington listed several different civilizations comprising the world today see detail belowand argued that after the end of the Cold-War the next battles will be thought between the Western civilization and the Islamic world and it took history only 5 years to prove him right.
According to his hypothesis, when local and even national identities are being eroded by globalization culture in its broadest sense is becoming more and more important in defining who people are. A common religion, language, history, heritage and traditions is what groups people into sects that oppose one another.
The victory won by the West in the Cold-War and the global spread of its Capitalism actually prompted these processes and pitted the West against "the rest".
The spread of Western ideology and economy actually drives other cultures into fundamentalism in an attempt to protect their cultural identity. Huntington lists several civilizations and sub-civilizations including: These civilizations are the tectonic plates of humanity, and when the clash earthquakes happen.
Huntington further maps out the relations between the civilizations and their potential for conflict. For Huntington the most acute potential for conflict is along the fault lines of the Islamic and non-Islamic worlds remember he first suggested "The Clash of Civilizations" in and published the book in The Berlin Wall—symbol of a divided city within a divided nation within a divided continent—was grounded in decades-old historical divisions at the end of World War II.
The Clash of Civilizations is a hypothesis that people's cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post-Cold War world.
The American political scientist Samuel P.
Huntington argued that future wars would be fought not between countries, but between cultures, and that Islamic extremism would become the biggest . The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order is an expansion of the Foreign Affairs article written by Samuel Huntington that hypothesized a new post-Cold War world order.
Prior to the end of the Cold War, societies were divided by ideological differences, such as the struggle between democracy and communism. Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, and European civilization, is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.
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War Before Civilization: the Myth of the Peaceful Savage (Oxford University Press, ) is a book by Lawrence H. Keeley, a professor of archaeology at the University of Illinois at Chicago who specializes in prehistoric initiativeblog.com book deals with warfare conducted throughout human history by societies with little initiativeblog.com the book, Keeley aims to stop the apparent trend in seeing.