The liturgy is chanted using the Coptic language, alongside the language of the land in which the Church is based, utilising a musical composition that in part dates back to the Pharaonic era. Leadership Parish communities and churches are served by married priests who are nominated from within that parish for its service. Once nominated, their names would be presented to the bishop who would approve and then ordain them for that ministry. Bishops on the other hand, including the Pope, are celibate and are selected from within monastic communities.
Apostolic foundation[ edit ] Egypt is identified in the Bible as the place of refuge that the Holy Family sought in Coptic orthodox christian flight from Judea: When he [Joseph] arose, he took the young Child and His mother by night and departed for Egypt, and was there until the death of Herod the Greatthat it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophetsaying, Out of Egypt I called My Son Matthew 2: When the church was founded by Saint Mark during the reign of the Roman emperor Neroa great multitude of native Egyptians as opposed to Greeks or Jews embraced the Christian faith.
In the 2nd century, Christianity began to spread to the rural areas, and scriptures were translated into the local languages, namely Coptic. Coptic Language in the Church[ edit ] The Coptic language is a universal language used in Coptic churches in every country.
It is derived from ancient Egyptian and uses Greek letters.
Many of the hymns in the liturgy are in Coptic and have been passed down for several thousand years. Contributions to Christianity[ edit ] Catechetical School of Alexandria[ edit ] The Catechetical School of Alexandria is the oldest catechetical school in the world.
Origen wrote over 6, commentaries of the Bible in addition to his famous Hexapla. Many scholars such as Jerome visited the school of Alexandria to exchange ideas and to communicate directly with its scholars.
The scope of this school was not limited to theological subjects; science, mathematics and humanities were also taught there. The question-and-answer method of commentary began there, and 15 centuries before Braillewood-carving techniques were in use there by blind scholars to read and write.
The Theological college of the catechetical school was re-established in The new school currently has campuses in Ireland, CairoNew Jerseyand Los Angeles, where Coptic priests-to-be and other qualified men and women are taught among other subjects Christian theology, history, the Coptic language and art — including chanting, music, iconographyand tapestry.
Cradle of monasticism and its missionary work[ edit ] Main article: Coptic monasticism Many Egyptian Christians went to the desert during the 3rd century, and remained there to pray and work and dedicate their lives to seclusion and worship of God.
By the end of the 5th century, there were hundreds of monasteries, and thousands of cells and caves scattered throughout the Egyptian desert.
A great number of these monasteries are still flourishing and have new vocations to this day. All Christian monasticism stems, either directly or indirectly, from the Egyptian example: Countless pilgrims have visited the "Desert Fathers" to emulate their spiritual, disciplined lives.
First Council of Nicaea In the 4th century, an Alexandrian presbyter named Arius began a theological dispute about the nature of Christ that spread throughout the Christian world and is now known as Arianism. Council of Constantinople[ edit ] Main article: This council completed the Nicene Creed with this confirmation of the divinity of the Holy Spirit: We confess one Baptism for the remission of sins and we look for the resurrection of the dead and the life of the coming age, Amen.
Council of Ephesus[ edit ] Coptic Icon in the Coptic Altar of the Church of the Holy SepulchreJerusalem Another theological dispute in the 5th century occurred over the teachings of Nestoriusthe Patriarch of Constantinople who taught that God the Word was not hypostatically joined with human nature, but rather dwelt in the man Jesus.
As a consequence of this, he denied the title "Mother of God" Theotokos to the Virgin Marydeclaring her instead to be "Mother of Christ" Christotokos.The Bible - The Coptic Christian Church considers the Bible "an encounter with God and an interaction with Him in a spirit of worship and piety." Creed - Athanasius ( A.D.), a Coptic bishop in Alexandria, Egypt, was a staunch opponent of Arianism.
The Coptic Church is a member of the all African Council of Churches (AACC) and the Middle East Council of Churches (MECC). The Church plays an important role in the Christian movement by conducting dialogues aiming at resolving the theological differences with the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Presbyterian, and Evangelical Churches.
To this day, 95 percent of Christians in Alexandria are members of the Coptic Orthodox Church. The tradition says that when John Mark arrived on a missionary journey to Egypt, the Coptic form of religion of that day was god-centered worship, but focused upon the pyramids.
Most Copts adhere to the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, an Oriental Orthodox church.    The Coptic Catholic Church is an Eastern Catholic church in full communion with the Catholic Church. Most Copts adhere to the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.
The Coptic Catholic Church is an Eastern Catholic church in full communion with the Catholic Church. Copts of Egyptian ancestry maintain a distinct ethnic identity from Muslim Egyptians: they reject an Arab identity. To this day, 95 percent of Christians in Alexandria are members of the Coptic Orthodox Church.
The tradition says that when John Mark arrived on a missionary journey to Egypt, the Coptic form of religion of that day was god-centered worship, but focused upon the pyramids.