Early visitors to the Bay Area were preceded 10, to 20, years earlier, however, by the native people indigenous to the area. Prior to the coming of the Spanish and Portuguese explorers, over 10, indigenous people, later to be called the Ohlone a Miwok Indian word meaning "western people"lived in the coastal area between Point Sur and the San Francisco Bay. Early use of Alcatraz Island by the indigenous people is difficult to reconstruct, as most tribal and village history was recorded and passed down generation-to-generation as an oral history of the people. A large portion of this oral history has been lost as a result of the huge reduction of the California Indian population following European contact and exploration.
The documentary, Alcatraz is Not an Island, describes the occupation that made Alcatraz a symbol for Indigenous people as motivation to stand up against the cruelty that they have experienced since the arrival of the Europeans.
Hence the name of the film, Alcatraz can be seen as an inspiration for Indigenous people rather than an island. The first attempt to occupy Alcatraz took place in when a group of four Native Americans landed on the island and claimed it for four hours before the coast guard removed them.
This became the inspiration for a group of San Francisco State students to attempt an occupation of their own in When attempting to make it to the island, only one boat agreed to assist the Native American's in their occupation.
They were not able to dock on the island, but, Richard Oaks became the leader of the group when he jumped off the boat and swam to the island. After this brief occupation Richard Oaks returned to San Francisco and began to recruit people to join the movement.
Oaks went to UCLA where eighty students agreed to join the movement. On November 20, a group of one-hundred Native Americans set sail from Sausalito and landed on Alcatraz Island, beginning the occupation that would last for nineteen more months. The goal of the occupiers was for the United States Government to allow the Indigenous people to create a culture center, museum, and a Native American University on the island.
The United States government repeatedly refused to negotiate, however the inspired occupiers refused to back down.
The film showed how the Indians worked together to demand justice from the government. Over the nineteen month span hundreds of Native Americans as well as some non-native citizens lived on the island.
The occupation ran into leadership issues when Richard Oaks stepped down as the leader due to the death of his daughter, which took place on the island.
Just before the occupation ended, the United States government turned off the electricity and water supply to the island. Three days later several historic buildings on the island burned down causing the occupiers to be blamed for the damages.
Problems continued to occur and supportAccess to over , complete essays and term papers; "Welcome home, welcome to Alcatraz.". As many us know Alcatraz was a prison on the bay, which house some of the most dangerous criminals of the 20's and 30's, but many do not know why Alcatraz was build and what happen to the famous prison after its shut down..
The /5(5). Alcatraz Is Not an Island This Essay Alcatraz Is Not an Island and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on initiativeblog.com Autor: review • February 26, • .
On the 45th anniversary of the American Indian occupation of Alcatraz, learn how a group of rebel activists took over America’s most notorious prison for more than 19 months. Alcatraz Is Not An Island - After centuries of the United States Government ignoring and mistreating the Indigenous people of this land, the Alcatraz occupation in led by righteous college students, became the longest Indian occupation of federal ground in the history of the United States and a landmark for Indian self-determination.
alcatraz Essays: Over , alcatraz Essays, alcatraz Term Papers, alcatraz Research Paper, Book Reports.
ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. The Native Occupation of Alcatraz Island and Its Effects on the Greater American Indian Movement This Research Paper The Native Occupation of Alcatraz Island and Its Effects on the Greater American Indian Movement and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on initiativeblog.com Autor: review • February 10, • Research Paper • 2, Words (9 4/4(1).