Print this page Disillusionment Spying and shoot-outs, treachery and torture, not to mention gruesome deaths. The Gunpowder Plot has it all.
English Catholics struggled in a society dominated by the newly separate and increasingly Protestant Church of England. The penalties for refusal were severe; fines were imposed for recusancyand repeat offenders risked imprisonment and execution.
Catholicism became marginalised, but despite the threat of torture or execution, priests continued to practise their faith in secret. Many Catholics believed that her Catholic cousin, Mary, Queen of Scotswas the legitimate heir to the English throne, but she was executed for treason in Leading papists, rather than causing trouble as anticipated, reacted to the news by offering their enthusiastic support for the new monarch.
Jesuit priests, whose presence in England was punishable by death, also demonstrated their support for James, who was widely believed to embody "the natural order of things". His wife, Anne of Denmarkwas the daughter of a king. Their eldest child, the nine-year-old Gunpowder plotwas considered a handsome and confident boy, and their two younger children, Princess Elizabeth and Prince Charleswere proof that James was able to provide heirs to continue the Protestant monarchy.
He promised that he would not "persecute any that will be quiet and give an outward obedience to the law",  and believed that exile was a better solution than capital punishment: For the Catholic expatriates engaged in that struggle, the restoration by force of a Catholic monarchy was an intriguing possibility, but following the failed Spanish invasion of England in the papacy had taken a longer-term view on the return of a Catholic monarch to the English throne.
In what became known as the Bye Plotthe priests William Watson and William Clark planned to kidnap James and hold him in the Tower of London until he agreed to be more tolerant towards Catholics. Cecil received news of the plot from several sources, including the Archpriest George Blackwellwho instructed his priests to have no part in any such schemes.
Amongst others, they approached Henry IV of France for funding, but were unsuccessful. All those involved in both plots were arrested in July and tried in autumn ; Sir George Brooke was executed, but James, keen not to have too bloody a start to his reign, reprieved Cobham, Grey, and Markham while they were at the scaffold.
Raleigh, who had watched while his colleagues sweated, and who was due to be executed a few days later, was also pardoned. Arbella Stuart denied any knowledge of the Main Plot.
The two priests, condemned by the pope, and "very bloodily handled", were executed. That the Bye Plot had been revealed by Catholics was instrumental in saving them from further persecution, and James was grateful enough to allow pardons for those recusants who sued for them, as well as postponing payment of their fines for a year.
Three days later, he ordered all Jesuits and all other Catholic priests to leave the country, and reimposed the collection of fines for recusancy. Some Members of Parliament made it clear that in their view, the "effluxion of people from the Northern parts" was unwelcome, and compared them to "plants which are transported from barren ground into a more fertile one".
Even more discontent resulted when the King allowed his Scottish nobles to collect the recusancy fines. Those of more moderate means had to pay two-thirds of their annual rental income; middle class recusants were fined one shilling a week, although the collection of all these fines was "haphazard and negligent".
He also spoke of a Christian union and reiterated his desire to avoid religious persecution.The picture is of the 'Gunpowder Plot' conspirators. Starting with Thomas Bates, Robert Wintour, Christopher Wright, John Wright, Thomas Percy, Guy Fawkes, Robert Catesby and Thomas Wintour.
The Gunpowder Plot In King James 1 was the King of England. Not everybody in England liked him. A man called Guy Fawkes decided to blow up the Houses of Parliament with the King inside.
November 5 commemorates the failure of the November Gunpowder Plot by a gang of Roman Catholic activists led by Warwickshire-born Robert Catesby. When Protestant King James I acceded to the. The Gunpowder Plot of , in earlier centuries often called the Gunpowder Treason Plot or the Jesuit Treason, was a failed assassination attempt against King James I by a group of provincial English Catholics led by Robert Catesby..
The plan was to blow up the House of Lords during the State Opening of Parliament on 5 November , as the prelude to a popular revolt in the Midlands during. The dramatic story of Britain's most notorious terrorist conspiracy.
This dramatic story of Britain's most notorious terrorist conspiracy delves into a shadowy world of subterfuge, spying and surveillance.