Investment research notes

Access to these strategies is limited. Each tracking product is a first of its kind. Have you read the latest crypto-asset research?

Investment research notes

Note the Terms of Your Investment The retail market for structured notes with principal protection has been growing in recent years.

Any promise to repay some or all of the money you invest will depend on the creditworthiness of Investment research notes issuer of the note—meaning you could lose all of your money if the issuer of your note goes bankrupt.

Also, some of these products have conditions to the protection or offer only partial protection, so you could lose principal even if the issuer does not go bankrupt. And you typically will receive principal protection from the issuer only if Investment research notes hold your note until maturity.

If you need to cash out your note before maturity, you should be aware that this might not be possible if no secondary market to sell your note exists and the issuer refuses to redeem it. Even where a secondary market exists, the note may be quite illiquid and you could receive substantially less than your purchase price.

While structured notes with principal protection have the potential to outperform the total interest payment that would be paid on typical fixed interest rate bonds, these notes also might underperform a typical fixed interest rate bond and could earn no return for the entire term of the note, even if you hold the note to maturity.

Their terms and structures also can be more complex than traditional bonds, making them more difficult for investors to evaluate. Finally, as with structured products generally, structured notes with principal protection may have hidden or imputed costs that can be relatively high and difficult to understand.

The alert includes questions investors should ask when considering structured notes with principal protection and provides links to helpful resources, including a recent FINRA Regulatory Notice on these products. In particular, the terms related to any protections to or guarantee of your principal require a careful review.

Structured products in general do not represent ownership of any portfolio of assets but rather are promises to pay made by the product issuers. Structured notes with principal protection typically reflect the combination of a zero-coupon bond, which pays no interest until the bond matures, with an option or other derivative product whose payoff is linked to an underlying asset, index or benchmark.

The underlying asset, index or benchmark can vary widely from commonly cited market benchmarks to foreign equity indices, currencies, commodities, spreads between interest rates or "hybrid" baskets of various asset types.

For example, a note might be based on the performance of an equally weighted basket composed of the Russellan exchange-traded fund tracking a real estate index, the Brazilian Real-U. Dollar exchange rate and the price of copper. These products are designed to return some or all principal at a set maturity date—typically ranging up to 10 years from issuance.

The investor also is entitled to participate in a return that is linked to a specified change in the value of the underlying asset. If you hold a structured note with principal protection until maturity, you typically will get back at least some—and perhaps all—of your initial investment, even if the underlying asset, index or benchmark declines.

Be aware that protection levels may vary. While some products return percent of principal at maturity, others return as little as 10 percent. Also, any guarantee that your principal will be protected—whether in whole or in part—is only as good as the financial strength of the company that makes that promise.

In other words, the principal guarantee is subject to the creditworthiness of the guarantor, which is generally the securities firm that structures and issues the note. In the event the issuer goes bankrupt, investors who hold these notes are considered unsecured creditors and might recover little, if anything, of their original investment.

This is what happened to investors who purchased structured notes with principal protection issued by now bankrupt Lehman Brothers Holdings. Market-linked gains or losses. As with other complex financial products, there can be varying and often complicated methods of calculating a market-linked gain or loss.

Another product might look at the index value at various points during the life of the investment, for example at annual anniversaries, and then compare the highest value with the value of the index level at the start of the term high water mark.

Some products base your return on the number of days during the holding period that the underlying index stayed above or below a pre-specified level accrual —or within a range of pre-specified levels range. A participation rate determines how much of the gain in the underlying asset, index or benchmark will be credited to the note.

For example, if the participation rate is 75 percent, and the asset, index or benchmark increases 10 percent, then the return credited to your note would be 7. In some instances, the term includes not only the principal guarantee but also a fixed overall investment return.

Investment research notes

For example, a note with percent return of principal at maturity and a 2 percent minimum guaranteed return would pay out percent of your initial investment at maturity, regardless of how the underlying asset, index or benchmark performed.With a substantial development of research and findings for breastfeeding over the past three decades, we are now able to expand on the health benefits for both women and children across the globe.

Securities. Operating at the center of global financial markets, our Securities professionals serve institutional clients including Asset Managers, Hedge Funds, Banks and Brokerages, Pensions, Endowments and Foundations, Corporations, and Governments. Get stock reports from an independent source you can trust - Morningstar.

Stock reports are available on 1, of the most popular stocks.

Investment research notes

The World Bank Group works in every major area of development. We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face.

ANALEC ResearchWise is a next generation investment research platform geared to address the challenges posed by the new realities in the research marketplace with the growing importance of social media; while raising the customer engagement quotient of your research in the market place.

The ASX Group's activities span primary and secondary market services, including capital formation and hedging, trading and price discovery (Australian Securities Exchange) central counter party risk transfer (ASX Clearing Corporation); and securities settlement for both the equities and fixed income markets (ASX Settlement Corporation).

Research | UBS Global topics